SeniorInnenmobilität Status quo und Handlungsempfehlungen für ländliche Gemeinden / Iris Zerz
VerfasserZerz, Iris
Betreuer / BetreuerinRobatsch, Klaus
ErschienenWien, 31.01.2015
UmfangIX, 121 Seiten, XXXIX
HochschulschriftFachhochschule des BFI Wien, Masterarbeit, 2015
URNurn:nbn:at:at-fhbfiw:1-317 Persistent Identifier (URN)
 Das Werk ist frei verfügbar
SeniorInnenmobilität Status quo und Handlungsempfehlungen für ländliche Gemeinden [5.27 mb]
Zusammenfassung (Englisch)

Due to demographic developments the composition of the population is changing in a fundamental way. An effect which results from that is the fact that the percentage of elderly people aged 65 years and over is steadily growing and will further increase in future. Furthermore, mobility is a basic need of every human being and is defined as the overcoming of geographical distances. This is especially problematic in rural areas because of the underdeveloped public transport system. This thesis analyzes the status quo of mobility, as well as evaluates the need for action in the field of elderly traffic participants in rural areas of Austria. Through using a combination of theory and qualitative research, activities for communities were worked out. By using a manual, the survey among experts was carried out in rural areas. To evaluate the statements of the respondents a content analysis method was used. The thesis found that mobility can be measured by using figures, e.g. the outdoor share decreases with age, but also the mobility rate is reduced significantly over the age of 75. Regarding the modal split, it can be noted that one third of retired people use the car as a means of transport, and half of the elderly rather walk. On the one hand, there are individual restrictions relating to their health system. Increased iris sensitivity and deterioration of the auditory system are possible diagnoses of elderly people. On the other hand, there are external constraints that can be classified into weaknesses of the transport system as a whole, e.g. not enough bus stops are available or there are only poor sidewalk conditions. The risk of an accident for the elderly is four times lower compared to adolescents. Moreover, the degree of injury is higher for elderly people and the risk of dying in an accident is 5%. The causes of accidents are usually inattention or distraction. The most common type of accidents are fall accidents in apartments or in traffic zones of the surrounding residential areas. Due to the poorly developed public transport in rural areas, older people are dependent on the car. The thesis describes possible measures to increase the mobility of senior citizens. Besides, the infrastructure could be adapted, for example, by reducing unnecessary traffic signs. In public transport, support could be provided by helping the elderly getting on and off the train or bus. Additionally, shuttle or delivery services could bring the elderly to shops or doctors. This means, by introducing municipality buses or a collective taxi service, the problem of mobility limitation could be solved successfully in rural communities. The thesis concludes that with affordable and implementable measures, the mobility of senior citizens can be substantially improved. Further, it should be noted that the mentioned group of people needs to be paid more attention in the future, because nowadays they live longer and they are more physically active. In addition, the social responsibility of the population should be strengthened and arising problems should be solved together with relatives, the retirement home and the municipal authority.