Born in the USA in 1856, Frederick Winslow Taylor is considered as the father of scientific management. His work and legacy is the foundation of our understanding of modern management. He showed the world that a scientific approach to managing a company and its employees is beneficial for all parties and improves the lives of workers and factory owners alike. By pursuing his goal of eliminating inefficiencies, he made enemies with subordinates and unions throughout his lifetime. That even today his name is commonly used to describe challenging working conditions, is proof for the relevance and timelessness of this topic. This thesis deals with Frederick Winslow Taylor, who he was and what he achieved in life. Beginning from the early days with his family, his career and achievements are explained and draw a comprehensive picture about what is called “Taylorism” today. Understanding Taylor and scientific management means understanding modern organisations, their downsides and the succeeding management paradigms. Intense research into original publications from Taylor, his biographers, scientific papers and general management literature form the basis of this thesis. In order to convey Taylorism to recent times, a case study of a modern shop floor was carried out to show which aspects are still valid and which ones vanished over the course of time. It is shown that some parts of Taylors principles are more relevant than ever, having a modern dress though. Fighting inefficiencies is equally vital for a modern company than it was a hundred years ago. Using certain parameters to measure either success or failure, assessing employees and thinking about bonus systems, has not changed much. Hence the finding that Taylorism can be found everywhere, it just takes someone to look closely enough. Even though management styles were and will be subject to changing trends, at their core there will always lurk a late Frederick Winslow Taylor and his principles.