This theoretical master thesis analyzes the current position of the Russian Federa-tion on an axis between democracy and autocracy under special consideration of the human rights situation. In doing so the work is divided into two main parts. Firstly, the human rights situation in the Russian Federation got analyzed. For the evaluation four exemplary topics were chosen: The situation in the North Caucasus, the judicial system, elections and the media. The analysis brought massive large-scale human rights violations to light. Secondly, an assessment of the quality of the democracy in the Russian Federation was made. Merkels 6 dimensions got used to distinguish between autocracy and democracy. The results indicated that the Russian Federation is a democracy. There were problems in every dimension, but the democratic logic behind the di-mension was not eliminated at all. To further analyze the quality of democracy Merkels embedded democracy concept got applied. There are 5 regimes to evaluate. The Russian Federation has defects in nearly all regime parts. This points to a highly defective democracy. The type of democracy defect was identified as a mixture of the illiberal and the delegative democracy, with a small tendency towards the illiberal type. This work demonstrates the inherent relationship between the human rights situa-tion of a nation and the quality of democracy. Human rights are integral parts of democracy, as evaluated in the embedded democracy concept. Thereby the com-pliance to human rights norms also directly influences the state of democracy. It got illustrated that the non-compliance of the Russian Federation to international human rights norms negatively affects their quality of democracy.